Cyprus course on peace and conflict (For research school members and their supervisors)

Please note: This page refers to a course that has already taken place.

09 - 15 Oct 2016

Nicosia, Cyprus

Gregory M. Reichberg (UiO/PRIO), with Kristen Ringdal (NTNU), Øyvind Østerud (UiO) and Kristoffer Liden (PRIO)

5 ECTS with course essay

Guido Bonino (


Harry Tzimitras (Director, PRIO Cyprus Centre)

Demetriou, Olga (Senior Research Consultant, PRIO Cyprus Centre) 

Gürel, Ayla (Senior Research Consultant, PRIO Cyprus Centre) 

Hatay, Mete (Senior Research Consultant, PRIO Cyprus Centre)

Kristine Höglund (Professor, Director of PhD studies, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University)

Charles Butcher (Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Political Science, NTNU)

Michalis Lianos (Professor, Sociology and Innovation and Society Research Centre, Rouen University)

Francesco Strazzari (Associate Professor, International Relations, Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies) ​

Øyvind  Østerud (Professor, UiO)

Kristian Berg Harpviken (Director, PRIO)

Torkel Brekke (Deputy Director, PRIO)

Gregory M. Reichberg (Research Professor and Head of Research School, PRIO and UiO)

Kristoffer Lidén (Senior Researcher and Coordinator of Research School, PRIO)

​​​​​​​The objective of this course is twofold: on the one hand, it will examine the theory of peace and conflict research (its nature, scope, and impact) and on the other it will consider some of its chief topics, including the ethics of military intervention, the gendered dimensions of peace and conflict, the changing character of war, as well as the challenges of reestablishing peace in war-torn societies.

The course is organised in collaboration between UiO, NTNU and PRIO, and hosted by the PRIO Cyprus Centre.

Course Description:

The idea that peace and conflict constitute a special domain of research emerged about half a century ago, and has since become a major multi-disciplinary field of inquiry. The field is often associated with the Nordic countries where specialized institutes on peace research have existed since the late 1950's. The very nature of peace and conflict research has been the subject of some disagreement. On some accounts peace and conflict research is best construed as a unified discipline, while on other accounts it is alternatively described as a field of study that can be approached from within a variety of different disciplines. The very aim or purpose of this research has also been a matter of some contention, with some viewing it first and foremost as a mode of scientific inquiry where knowledge is sought for its own sake, while for others it has a normative thrust – under the supposition that giving impetus to a more peaceful state-of-affairs in the world is of its very essence.

The objective of this course is twofold: on the one hand, it will examine the theory of peace and conflict research (its nature, scope, impact and recent trends) and on the other it will consider some (although by no means all) of its chief topics, including: non-violent strategies for political change, military intervention and the changing character of war, norms of war in comparative religious perspective.

The course will be held in Cyprus where PRIO maintains a research center.  We will meet in the northern city of Girne (also called "Kyrenia" in Greek) during the first few days, and afterwards in the divided capital Nicosia, where the course will contiue at The Home for Cooperation, in the UN monitored Buffer Zone. Taking advantage of these settings we will explore how the theoretical issues of peace and conflict research play out in one distinctive local context. This will be done both thematically – with lectures on e.g. the inter-communal strife from 1963-1974 and the status of current efforts to overcome the island's division – and with a guided field trip to conflict-related sites in Nicosia. The first four days (Monday through Thursday) will be occupied with lectures, while the last day and a half (Friday-Saturday) will broaden the course thematic by participation in a conference on migration and conflict in the Middle East and Europe.

Basic costs (travel, food and board) associated with the Cyprus course are covered by the Research School (flights are reimbursed with up to 500 EURO), both for members and supervisors. Travel to Cyprus should be scheduled on October 9th, with return on the evening of the 15th.

Registration is now closed.

More information on the program and logistics will be distributed to the admitted participants in due course.

For an example of a program, see the course page from the successful 2014 version of the course (which did not include a conference). 


Sun​​​day 09.10.16

Late arrivals 

Mond​​​ay 10.10.16​ - Consensus Conference Room

10:00 - 12:45  l​​​ec​tur​es:

Kristine Höglund, Conceptualizing an​d assessing peace

​Kristian Berg Harpvi​ken, The impact of peace research​

13:00 - 14:00​  ​Lunch at the hotel

14:00 - 15:30  lectures​ a​nd discussion:

Charles Butcher, From violent to non​​violent conflict societies

15:30 - 19:00  free time​​

19:30  Dinner at the hotel

Tuesd​ay​ 11.10.16 Consensus Conference Room

09:00 - 11:00  lecture​​s and discussion:

Torkel Brekke and Greg Reichberg, Norm​​​s of war in comparative religious perspective

​11:00 - 12:30  lectures and disc​ussion:

Øyvind Østerud, Social science goes to war: Lessons learned from international military operations and ​counterinsurgency during the last decade

12:45 - 13:30  lunch

14:00 – 16:30  Steering group meeting; studying time

16:30 – 18:15  free time

18:30 –​20:00  all gather at the MEETING POINT - guided tour around Kyrenia with Mete Hatay

20:00  Dinner in Kyrenia​, Niyazi Restaurant

Wedne​​sda​y 12.10.16 Consensus Conference Room  and transfer to Nicosia south ​

09:00 - 10:00  Session on su​pervision:

Interactive session​, led by Kristoffer Lidén

10:00 - 11:00  Doing a PhD in th​​e Research School:

Anja Sletteland and Luca Rai​neri tell about their PhD dissertations and the process of getting there.  

11:00  CHECK OUT  and ​departure for Famagusta with travel tourism comments on board the bus with Mete Hatay

12.00 - 13:00  walk around Famagusta

13:00 - 14:00  lunch in Famagusta

14.00 - 15.00  bus to Nicosia

15:00  check in Classic Hotel

15:30 - 17:15  free time

17:30 – 18:30  pick up at hotel - guided tour south Nicosia with Ma​​rios Epaminondas   

18:30 - 19:30  pick up at Ledra Street crossing - guided tour north Nicosia with Mete Hatay

20:00  dinner at Sabor re​​staurant - north Nicosia 

T​hurs​​d​​​ay 13.10.16 Home for Cooperation 

09:00 - 11:00  Lectures and dis​cussion - Home for Cooperation​ (UN buffer zone)​

Francesco Strazzari, How the 'fore​ign terrorist fighters' topicality challenges IR theory

Michalis Lianos, Individuat​ion and socio-diversity as conflict defusers​

11:30 - 13:00 Lecture and discussion: 

Ayla Gürel and Harry Tzimitras, The Cyprus Conflict: Historical background and current status of the settlemen​t negotiations

13:00 - 14:00 Lunch at the Home for Coperation 

​​14:00 - 15:00 Lecture and discussion

 Olga Demetriou, The Ledra Palace H​otel and its significance in the Conflict

15:00 - 19:15 Free time 

19:30 Meeting outside the Classic Hotel 

20:00 dinner at Loxandras restaurant - south Nicosia

F​ri​​day 14.10.16 ​Chateau Status 

10:00 - 12:30 PRIO Cypr​​us Centre Annual conference - DAY 1 - first part 

Migration and conflict ​in Europe and the Middle East​

12:30 - 13:30  lunch at the conference venue

13:30 - 17:00 PRIO Cypr​​us Centre Annual conference - second part 

17:00 onwards free time and no dinner arranged

Saturd​​​​ay 15.10.16 Chateau Status 

10:00 - 14:00, PRIO Cyprus Centre Annual confere​nce - DAY2 - first part

The relevance of Cyprus to th​e current situation and in the future: Migrant and practitioner perspectives

14:00 – 15:30  lunch​

15:30 - 19:15 free time 

19:30 Meeting outside the Classic Hotel ​

20:00 Dinner venue TBC 

Sunday 16.10.16 Departures

​​04:00AM SHARP Meeting in the lobby for transport to the airport


​Registration: 10 May 2016.

Essay proposal: 22 October.

Essay submission: 30 November.


The course equals 5 ECTS according to the standards of the University of Oslo, provided that participants:

  • actively prepare for the course
  • actively participate in the course sessions
  • submit a course essay of about 5000 words, and that the essay is approved.

The topic of the essay is quite open for this course, as the course topic is intendedly broad. An essay proposal should be submitted to Covadonga Morales Bertrand ( within one week after the course. The proposal should include (1) name, working title and research question, (2) a tentative abstract of max 200 words, and (3) an indication of which lectures and readings that the essay relates to.  


​Only Research School members may apply for admittance to this course, with priority for members admitted in 2015 and 2016.

Supervisors/Doctoral advisors are invited to join the course as lecturers and participants. Members who manage to bring their supervisors along get further priority.

There will be a limited number of about 20 participants, including members and supervisors.

Members who apply with their supervisors must note this in the comments field of the application form, including name, position, institution, e-mail address and link to the staff page/website of the supervisor.

Please note that the application form is not designed for this course, and fields like 'Are you a PhD Candidate', 'Applying for stipend', 'Where did you find info on the course' and 'CV' can be ignored. As 'Research interest' is a mandatory field in the form, you may enter the latest working title of your thesis...  

Course Literature:

Course literature by lecture:

Kristine Höglund, Conceptualizing an​d assessing peace​

  • Höglund, Kristine, and Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs (2010).  "Beyond the Absence of War: The Diversity of Peace in Post-Settlement Societies."  Review of International Studies 36: 367-90. 
  •  Jarstad, Anna et al (2015). Peace Agreements in the 1990s – What are the Outcomes 20 Years Later? Umeå Working Papers in Peace and Conflict Studies, no 8. 
  • Galtung, Johan (1969). "Violence, Peace, and Peace Research." Journal of Peace Research 6(3): 167-191.
  • ​Richmond, Oliver (2006). "Patterns of Peace." Global Society 20(4): 367-394.

Kristian Berg Harpvi​ken, The impact of peace research​

  • Mack, Andrew (2002). "Civil War. Academic Research and the Policy Community." Journal of Peace Research 29(5): 515-525.
  • Gallucci, Robert L. (2014). "Academia and the Foreign Policy-making Process." Speech by Robert Galluci, President of the MacArthtur Foundation, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington, 7 May 2014.
  • PRIO (2015). "PRIO Research and Societal Impact: Cases" Internal document. Formulated and submitted in December 2015 as elements of the self-evaluation part of the Research Council of Norway´s Evaluation of the social science institutes 2016-2017

Charles Butcher, From violent to non​​violent conflict societies

  • Chenoweth, E., and Stephan, M. (2011). Why Civil Resistance Works. New York: Columbia University Press. Chapters 1-3. 
  • Butcher, C., and Svensson, I. (2016).  "Manufacturing Dissent: Modernization and the Onset of Major Nonviolent Campaigns." Journal of Conflict Resolution, 60(2): 311-339.

Michalis Lianos, Individuat​ion and socio-diversity as conflict defusers​

  • McDoom, Omar S. (2013). "Who killed in Rwanda's Genocide? Micro-Space, Social Influence and Individual Participation in Intergroup Violence." Journal of Peace Research, (50)4: 453-467. 
  • Tocci, N. (2013). "EU, Conflict Transformation, and Civil Society: Promoting Peace from the Bottom Up?" in Justino P., Brück T. & Verwimp P. (eds), A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Lianos, Michalis (2012). The New Social Control: The Institutional Web, Normativity and the Social Bond, Ottawa: Red Quill Books.
  • Bohorquez J.C., Gourley S., Dixon A.R., Spagat M. & Johnson N.F., (2009). "Common Ecology Quantifies Human Insurgency." Nature, Vol. 462. (doi:10.1038/nature08631). 
  • Brumann, Christoph (2000). "The Perils of the Dominance of One: Charismatic Leaders and Branch Structures in Utopian Communes." Journal of Anthropological Research, (56)4: 425-451.

Torkel Brekke and Greg Reichberg, Norm​​​s of war in comparative religious perspective

  • Reichberg, Gregory M., and Syse, Henrik (2014). Religion, War, and Ethics: A Sourcebook of Textual Traditions, New York: Cambridge University Press. Catholic Christianity: pp. 76-163; Sunni Islam: pp. 300-388; Shiite Islam: pp. 404-432; Hinduism: pp. 471-487 and pp. 508-517; Buddhism: pp. 544-546 and pp. 569-593; Sikhism: pp. 672-676 and pp. 688 (bottom of page) to p. 699.​

  • Brekke, Torkel (2005). "The ethics of war and the concept of war in India and Europe" Numen, 52, 1, pp. 59-86.​
  • Auerback, Micah (2013). "A closer look at Zen at War: The battlefield chaplaincy of Shaku Soen in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)" In Tikhonov, Vladimir and Torkel Brekke (eds.), Buddhism and Violence – Militarism and Buddhism in Modern Asia. London: Routledge, pp. 152-171

Øyvind Østerud, Social science goes to war: Lessons learned from international military operations and ​counterinsurgency during the last decade

  • ​McFate, Montgomery, and Laurence, Janice H. (2014). "Introduction. Unveiling the human terrain system." Social Sciences Goes to War: The Human Terrain System in Iraq and Afghanistan, Hurst: 1-44.
  • Rubinstein, Robert A., Fosher, Kerry, and Fujimora, Clementine (2012). "Introduction. Exploring Military Anthropology." Practicing Military Anthropology: Beyond Expectations and Traditional Boundaries. Kumarian Press –Lynne Rienner: 1-8.
  • Solovey, Mark (2001). "Project Camelot and the 1960s Epistemological Revolution: Rethinking the Politics-Patronage-Social Science Nexus." Social Studies of Science. Special Issue: Sciences in the Cold War, (31)2: 171-206. 

Francesco Strazzari, How the 'fore​ign terrorist fighters' topicality challenges IR theory

  • ​​Strazzari, Francesco (2016). "Foreign Fighters as a Challenge for International Relations Theory," in De Guttry, A., et al. (eds), Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press: 49-62. 

Ayla Gürel and Harry Tzimitras, The Cyprus Conflict: Historical background and current status of the settlemen​t negotiations

  • Gürel, Ayle, Hatay, Mete, and Yakinthou, Ayla (2012). "An Overview of Events and Perceptions", in Displacement in Cyprus: Consequences of Civil and Military Strife Report no. 5, PRIO Cyprus Centre.
  • ​Hatay, Mete, and Tzimitras, Harry (2016). "A Time for Realism: Solving the Cyprus issue through linkage politics" Brookings Institute Paper (forthcoming: will be distributed a week before the course).